Although nuclear proliferation in the Middle East has been on the international agenda for almost forty years, little substantive progress has been made. Regional insecurity coupled with Israel’s nuclear arsenal and Iran’s enrichment activities presents a significant challenge. Nuclear-weapon-free-zones (NWFZ) are regional agreements that prohibit states from acquiring, developing, or stockpiling nuclear weapons – in short, a geographical area without nuclear weapons. NWFZs – are an important tool in the international nuclear arms control regime. They provide confidence-building measures that enhance regional security in many ways and have been lauded as excellent tools for preventing nuclear proliferation. There are currently five NWFZs: Treaty of Tlateloco (Latin America), Treaty of Rarotonga (South Pacific), Treaty of Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Treaty of Pelindaba (Africa), and the Treaty on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia.
Conference Topic: Negotiating for a Middle East nuclear-weapon-free-zone.
This Conference is founded on the partnership between Atlanta-based higher education institutions and the Daisy Alliance, a global grassroots organization that seeks the non-proliferation, disarmament and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction.
In the past, Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Morehouse College, and Spelman College have participated in these simulations.
Students representing the colleges participate in a 5 hour free-play simulation exercise. This simulation provides an opportunity for students to apply theoretical concepts and knowledge learned in the classroom and to gain value experience in the art of diplomacy and power politics.
Each school is usually represented by 20-25 students, who are assigned to a group of six different national actors. Each student team prepares – prior to the simulation – a research project on the topic and country that they represent. Students are provided with a booklet containing detailed information on each country’s position on nuclear weapons; however, they are also encouraged to use external sources for writing their group research project. This research helps students prepare for the simulation by formulating their country’s strategies, goals and ways of achieving those goals in the free-play simulation.
The partnership includes a joint-research project on the importance of simulations and active learning. Data is collected before, during, and after the Conference.